There are a wide variety of conditions that can result in skin pigmentation abnormalities. Birthmarks are a naturally occurring common source of problems requiring skin pigmentation treatments, but even more common than birthmarks are sun spots and other discolorations of skin that result from environmental exposure, predominantly from the sun. Repeated prolonged sun exposure can cause damage to the skin which your body reacts to by increasing the supply of melanin, a natural skin pigmenting agent, to that area, resulting in a patch of skin significantly darker than the surrounding skin. Skin pigmentation treatments vary as widely as the different types of conditions that require skin pigmentation treatments. For some mild cases a simple skin lightening cream may be applied as a skin pigmentation treatment, effectively bleaching the affected area of skin to a tone more closely resembling the surrounding skin. It should be noted that skin lightening creams are not usually effective options for people with naturally darker skin, as the cream can make the affected area appear lighter than the surrounding skin for an equally undesirable effect.
Increasingly popular skin pigmentation treatments involve the use of lasers. These treatments are more lasting than skin lightening creams and are often effective with patients who have darker skin as well, making them a popular choice for people with naturally darker skin. Certain skin conditions can pose a threat to your health and the skin pigmentation treatment you receive for these will likely be more intensive and potentially invasive. Some types of skin pigmentation treatments actually involve the surgical removal of a discolored area. If you are worried about your skin condition you should speak to a reputable, qualified physician who has experience in the area of skin pigmentation treatments. They will be able to give you a better idea of what sort of skin condition you actually have and will also be able to work with you to help you decide what sort of treatment is most appropriate for you. The best candidates for skin pigmentation treatments are healthy people both mentally and physically, who have realistic expectations of what kind of results skin pigmentation treatments will be able to achieve for them. For this reason it is important that you learn as much as you can about the sort of skin condition you have as well as the variety of skin pigmentation treatments available for addressing your problem. Lasers treatments are generally safe for patients of all ages, but only your doctor will be able to say for certain if a particular treatment is a good idea for your specific condition. Whatever skin pigmentation treatment you decide to seek, if any, the most important thing you can do is listen closely and carefully to the instructions that your doctor gives you regarding care of your skin both before and after the treatment that you have. The key to achieving the result you desire is following those instructions to the letter, as all skin pigmentation treatments are most effective when they are used as part of a larger skin care regimen.